# Voltage Unbalance Calculator

## What is Voltage Unbalance Calculator?

A Voltage Unbalance Calculator is a tool used to calculate the voltage unbalance in a three-phase electrical system. Voltage unbalance is the difference in voltage magnitude between the phases in a three-phase system. A balanced three-phase system has equal voltages in each phase, while an unbalanced system has unequal voltages.

### Formula

The formula used in the Voltage Unbalance Calculator is:

**VU = MD/Vave * 100**

**Where:**

- VU is the voltage unbalance expressed as a percentage
- MD is the maximum deviation from the average voltage in volts
- Vave is the average voltage in volts

### Example

Suppose we have a three-phase system with maximum deviation of 10 volts and an average voltage of 230 volts. Using the formula, we can calculate the voltage unbalance as follows:

VU = MD/Vave * 100 VU = 10/230 * 100 VU = 4.35%

Therefore, the voltage unbalance in this three-phase system is 4.35%.

### How to Calculate

To use the Voltage Unbalance Calculator, follow these steps:

- Enter the maximum deviation from the average voltage in volts.
- Enter the average voltage in volts.
- Click on the “Calculate” button.
- The calculator will compute the voltage unbalance and display the result in percentage.

### Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

**What is voltage unbalance?**

Voltage unbalance is the difference in voltage magnitude between the phases in a three-phase electrical system. A balanced three-phase system has equal voltages in each phase, while an unbalanced system has unequal voltages.

**Why is voltage unbalance important?**

Voltage unbalance can cause equipment failure, increased energy consumption, and reduced motor performance. Therefore, it is important to monitor and correct voltage unbalance in three-phase systems.

**How do you correct voltage unbalance?**

Voltage unbalance can be corrected by adjusting the voltage levels in the unbalanced phases to match the balanced phase. This can be achieved by using voltage regulators or transformers with tap-changing capabilities. Additionally, it is important to maintain proper phase-to-phase and phase-to-ground connections in the system.